Every dollar contributed enables us to keep providing high-quality how-to help to people like you. Mark Spelman is a General Contractor based in Austin, Texas. Spread with pad. Not every piece of furniture is suitable for upcycling with a light paint color. Mist buffing pad with Presta lubricating material when it gets too dry. Foam brushes tend to produce a smoother finish which can be particularly helpful on flat horizontal surfaces. Second, we recommend applying a sanding sealer to protect the top. Adheres to all surfaces without sanding. In most cases, decks need to be resealed every three years. Manufacturer Account Custom Coatings Registration Form, COMPARE Paints, Glazes & Pigmented Topcoats, COMPARE Primers, Sanding Sealers & Undercoats, Water Based Paints, Glazes and Pigmented Top Coats, Enduro Ready to Match (RTM) Water Based Stain, Fill Sticks -NEW Assortment Pack of 15 Color Groups, Touch Up Markers - NEW Assortment Pack of 15 Color Groups, Water Based Paints, Pearl Effects & Glazes, High Performance Polyurethane Water Based Topcoat, Fill Stick and Touch Up Marker Assortment Pack, Comparison of General Finishes Water-Based Top Coats, Step 2: How To Apply General Finishes High Performance, See our general guide for spray tip sizes, Read here for more information on spraying techniques. Then apply very light coats (800 to 1,000 square feet per gallon) of the wax. Finishing wood refers to the final step in any woodworking project. The pieces were often finished in stain that contained aniline dyes, which cast a pinkish bleed-through under light paint. Warning: Do not use water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils. Any clear coat can become reactive over wood substrates or existing finishes causing tannin, stain or dye bleed-through. QUESTION: Can oil and water based products be used over each other? To fix your problem, you can sand off the stain, apply conditioner, and reapply stain. Their Flat High-Performance Top Coat is a clear, flat, water-based topcoat and excels at making chalk painted or … Begin with a small area, make 2-3 passes, then evaluate results. I sanded some oak pieces that were being used in a project, then applied a coat of Provincial Stain. Again, remove any dust with a tack rag or vacuum. Wash thoroughly after handling. Spray Presta polish on buffing pad stuff to lubricate the pad. Layer 2. Store in moderate temperatures. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. Sealers. The rotating top platens allow the operator to have easy access to all sides of the wood item throughout the various wood finishing processes such as sanding, painting and sealing. Never use water as a lubricant. America's leading manufacturer of innovative water-based finishes. Second, external sources of water may be an issue, such as water that can migrate from the ground to the concrete slab in the absence of a vapor retarder. If the flaws in the wood aren't sanded away, the finish that is applied will only highlight and expose any marks or scratches. These contaminants will not harm the finish, but they accumulate on surfaces and dull the original luster. General Finishes will be responsible only for the cost of our products, and not for costs such as labor, damage or project replacement. The use of a screwdriver can disfigure the rim and lid, impairing a complete seal. Be sure to allow adequate dry time. Water-based products do not last forever, even when unopened. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, high temperatures or high humidity. Every existing finish is different and we rarely know the finishing provenance on an existing piece. If the stain isn’t dark enough, you may want to apply several coats. Gravity can cause some solids to settle on the bottom of the can and slight separation on the top. What's is the problem? In most cases, the white mark will recover and fade within an hour if the spill is cleaned up in a timely manner. You can tell if a water-based finish is dry if it forms a powder when lightly sanded with a fine-grade (220-320) foam sanding pad or 400-grit sandpaper. Always test your project's ENTIRE finishing schedule (from cleaning to topcoat) on an inside door or a more hidden area of the piece. When preparing the stain, always stir the can, never shake it. This can increase the cost of paint finishing. More, America's Leading Manufacturer of Innovative Water-Based Wood Finishes. You can also improve drying conditions by increasing the temperature in the drying area. It is easy to apply flawlessly, but will not help a piece withstand wear and tear. Enduro-Var II Water Based Topcoat. Sanding sealer has a larger resin particle, so it will provide a better build for the next sanding step. You don’t have to sand down the final coat as sanding will remove the nice shine and finished look. All water needs to evaporate is sufficient air movement. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. You have just finished applying a fine furniture finish. Then finish with your topcoat. Repeat steps 3-7 again. Treat gently until the paint or topcoat have fully cured. Blend the stain into the wood thoroughly and make sure you are applying it evenly. Decant remaining product from the can before stirring. Expect some bare spots after sanding and cleaning. But allow the first coat to completely dry so that you can lightly sand it down and smooth it out before adding more coats. For example, you can mix High Performance Flat and High Performance Gloss to obtain a different sheen. Inability to reincorporate large, chunky lumps after stirring for several minutes is an indication that the product has frozen and can no longer be used. Enduro Clear Poly Water Based Topcoat Product Overview, How GF Tests Color Pull on Water Based Stains Against The Competition, Flat (10 or less), Satin (25-35), Semi-Gloss (50-60), Gloss (80+), Brush, Roll, Spray, Pints, Quarts, Gallons, 5 Gallon pails, 65-75 sq.ft./pint, 125-150 sq.ft./quart, 500-600 sq.ft./gallon, Watch the High Performance Product Overview Video. Foul Smell Alternatively, place a flat piece of wood over can lid and firmly pound shut. These can damage furniture and finishes. Zinsser B-I-N 1 qt. Do not use water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils. Cost is determined by Retailer/Distributor. You just can't do the opposite (water stain, oil top). You mix can High Performance Topcoat sheens to adjust your sheen. Sand lightly with 220-320-grit foam sanding sponge. Water-based products can last 3-5 years if the can is unopened, in good condition and stored in correct temperatures. We like to use a bristle brush (which loads up more paint) to get Milk Paint on the surface, and then use a water or Extender dampened foam brush to smooth out the finish.​. The term for a cloudy, milky appearance in the finish is Blush. How do I finish antique wood? Can High Performance polyurethane be used instead of Modge Podge? High Performance is formulated for the retail market so it can be sprayed or hand applied. For more information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. Use a semi-gloss or gloss sheen with little to no flatting agents. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. ", "It helped me because I had homework to do. Pound the lid in place using a rubber mallet to avoid distorting the chime or lid. It is so versatile, it can be brushed or sprayed. *Why is High Performance Streaking When Applied over Annie Sloan Chalk Paint? It is normal to see a bit of stain on the brush when applying the first coat of topcoat. Highly recommend it. Remove fingerprints, cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water. Increase open time, if needed, with up to 5%. However if the current formula dries below 65deg F, in more than 55% humidity( just like any poly) it takes longer, and as humidity increases while temperature decreases it takes much longer. FIRST AID: Prop 65 WARNING: This product can expose you to Ethylene oxide, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. Do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent them from rusting. Stir topcoat to reincorporate solids that have settled to the bottom of the can before and throughout the application process. It also stops bleeding knots and sap streaks. Sanding Sealer is best used … Then use a brush to evenly apply 2 coats of whatever stain you choose. Sand with 120-grit sandpaper followed by 150- or 220-grit. It can be caused by topcoat activating tannins in raw wood or aniline dyes, stains, or contaminants in a pre-existing finish. Water-based finishes crystalize and form a skin due to evaporation when the air-tight seal on a can is broken at first use. Start slowly, monitor to see if buildup is occurring. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. ​​​​​​Bristle brushes are particularly helpful on vertical and detailed surfaces but they can produce subtle texture. The most common reason is an incompatible stain. If you get any stain on anything other than the wood, you may not be able to remove it. Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid. The primer seals stains from water, smoke and fire damage. Details and inside corners are difficult to cover with any paint color, but it tends to be more noticeable with whites. 1. In this case, 84% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. I've found that it also helps with oak. This happens on the original powder Chalk or Milk Paints also. Raw wood can bleed tannins immediately after the topcoat dries or months later with seasonal temperature changes. What can I do, as this coloring changes the color of the piece of furniture? But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. When in doubt, waiting longer is always better. Years ago, I never used sealer. Shaking can create air bubbles which will get transferred to your wood. For that reason, High Performance is the best choice for high use areas such as table tops and kitchen cabinets. This is a naturally occurring phenomenon in paint application and does not necessarily constitute a defect in the paint finish or your technique. Stir the stain in the can before applying it. General Finishes cannot guarantee an ideal refinish when applying our products on top of or combined with another company's products or over surfaces that have been in contact with waxes, polishes or sprays containing contaminants such as silicone. Start by sanding the wood, then apply a stain, and finally, protect the wood and bring it to life with a finish. Compatibility  A clear topcoat is not required on. You will want to apply several coats of finish to your wood. You can also start by wet sanding with 400-grit wrapped around a Durablock, or whatever block you feel will work best for the surface. Yes, just be sure to get high quality paint made for wood and remember to sand the wood nicely. When the second coat of stain has dried, use a natural bristle brush that’s about 2 inches wide to apply the first coat of your finish. Remove any streaks that occur by buffing with fine-grade (220-320) sanding pad, or sanding well and re-coating. 1. New Stained Surface: Do not sand. Keep out of reach of children. Dry times will be longer if it is raining, cold, or humid. ... - Be patient with the drying time of the first coat of an oil based product because the first coat sets the stage. Be careful to try and get as smooth of a surface as possible. Both topcoats have similar water resistance, but High Performance offers greater clarity. *What is the Best Applicator to use for Milk Paint and Water Based Topcoat? I tried to dry via a heat source, but the stain seemed to keep from drying and resulted with blotches. Do I need to sand all my wood if I'm using polyurethane? Avoid breathing vapor or mist. Wood conditioner is recommended for softer woods. The more porous the paint, such as a chalk paint, If it is a low-use project, use a premium white paint that is self-sealing and does not require a topcoat. The first is the volume of water used to mix the cement into concrete. There is no reliable way to predict whether yellowing will occur and to what degree. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. is urethane based and contains less matting agents which result in a slightly harder finish. Limited Warranty Apply a quarter-sized dab of polish to sand one section. Nearly all bright whites require additional coats to achieve the desired color and minimize color variation. Repeated rounds of sanding will remove the coarse-grit scratches from the previous passes. Increase dry time if: As is true of most "water-white" topcoats, General Finishes water-based topcoats dry clear over non-reactive substrates, such as plastic or metal, except General Finishes Enduro-Var, which ambers. Pry open sealed lids with a paint can opener by hooking under the lid's rolled edge. To avoid streaking with the flatter sheens, apply a liberal amount of product and avoid using pressure and back-brushing. Put on protective gloves. In most cases, this will remove any of the flaws without causing worse problems. What is the difference between professional Enduro Clear Poly and High Performance Topcoat? In addition, it's possible to scuff the stain while sanding the sealer. Water Based Topcoats and Sanding Sealer. Both evaporating water and pooled water can interfere with a stain or sealer. Mixtures involving colors & sheens within the same product line, such as: High Performance Satin + High Performance Gloss, Snow White Milk Paint + Coastal Blue Milk Paint. Is it a good idea to apply several coats of 100% tung oil? 300-grit or 400-grit sandpaper is too fine for preparing raw wood. If the water penetrates the wood, it’s time to apply a new coat of sealer. GF has improved the High Performance formula and Cross Linker would not provide an added benefit. Apply directly to stained surface. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Layer 3. Start with sandpaper that has a grit of about 120. What can I use to prevent water stains or rings? Before you finish wood, sand it to remove scratches and dents, and wipe it down with a rag to remove dust or debris. But allow the first coat to completely dry so that you can lightly sand it down and smooth it out before adding more coats. You can also seal an oil-based stain with a coat of shellac or lacquer sealer to provide a barrier between the oil and the acrylic. Dry Time Between Coats What can I use for the top layer as protection if I want to use a bees wax finish? Spills may be able to be removed from fabric and carpet if cleaned immediately with soap and water. Contains a biocide that protects the dried coating … This product can expose you to chemicals including 1,4-Dioxane, Ethylbenzene, Dibromoacetonitrile, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer. Low odour application and conveniently quick-drying with excellent adhesion to even glossy surfaces. For folks who don't want to invest in several brushes, the foam brush is our recommendation. Do not get on skin or clothing. Apply your stain and finish with long smooth strokes of your brush. High Performance can also be applied by hand with a foam/bristle brush. For more information from our General Contractor reviewer on how to pick the best finish for your wood, read on! It went on just as easily and we love the satin finish. Floors sealed with High Performance Top Coat can be cleaned with Bona floor cleaning system or a similar product. Let oil-based finishes dry for 72 hours before applying High Performance or Flat Out Flat top coat. Another cause for blushing is high humidity. Can I use a steam mop on floors finished with High Performance topcoat? When done, mist entire surface with and buff with a micro-cloth to remove splatter. He has been a construction professional since 1987. Application tools and materials containing water-based products can be cleaned with soap and water or General Finishes Brush & Gun Cleaner immediately after use. Finish in a flash with a fast-drying sealer Instead of waiting a day between a sealer coat of poly and the first topcoat, speed up the process by first applying a fast-drying sanding sealer. Applying a water-based finish in humidities of over 75% may cause blushing because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish and cannot evaporate. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 256,079 times. The mobile carts used in the towline approach can be designed with top platens that rotate either manually or automatically. Using stain and finish that is packaged separately is recommended over a stain-and-finish combination, for a higher-quality result. Dirt, sawdust, etc. Ready to Sand: 30-45 minutes. See our video: How to Prevent Streaking with Water Based Topcoat. The very best application method is spraying. All of GF's White Paints, brushable or spray versions, do NOT require a topcoat. Apply these finishes lightly, using several coats. Knots Order online at Screwfix.com. Alternative storage containers for water-based products are plastic FIFO bottles or glass bottles. ft. Mid-gloss finish Can I use a cross linker with High Performance Topcoat to improve performance? 2. Mark Spelman is a General Contractor based in Austin, Texas. The more flatting agents, the more likely a topcoat will streak when applied. Store can upside down to create a liquid seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization. Layering General Finishes water- and oil-based products: Water over oil: Let oil-based products dry 72+hr before applying water-based products, Oil over water: Let water-based products dry 24+hr before applying oil-based products, To accelerate dry time in humid conditions, add. By using our site, you agree to our. General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using. BUFFING/POLISHING WITH PRESTA POLISHING KITS. Remove the dust with a tack rag or a vacuum and then apply the second coat. Pad Applicators or paint rollers are also helpful on larger horizontal surfaces such as a table top. Allow 21 days for a water-based finish to cure and 30 days for an oil-based finish to cure before cleaning. UTEE can be used to coat polymer clay projects, giving a thick, clear surface like resin. No, it is too thin. % of people told us that this article helped them. Use only with adequate ventilation. Apply at least two more coats for a thorough, even finish over the first coat, which might be more heavily sanded than usual for a finish coat. This was evident in the areas that you used the brush to remove excess topcoat. Flat Out Flat is made with a stable self cross-linking acrylic instead of urethane. Temperature-controlled spaces, such as a basement, are ideal for storage. Clear embossing powder is popularly used in crafts because it can be melted in a special melting pot and then used as a clear coating material. More stratification or separation as the product is in good condition for use a basement, are ideal for.... Way to predict whether yellowing will occur and to what degree down a paint pad sappy woods like pine old! Is almost used up is unopened, in good condition and stored in correct.. Not removed regularly bleed and are dense, making paint and stain adhesion a challenge concrete after sanding for paint! Lubricating material when it gets too dry a rubber mallet to avoid streaking the. Wood nicely to dry via a heat source, but skip the sanding on your last to... Get as smooth of a surface as possible or automatically every tree is different and piece. A project improve Performance white paint will yellow slightly with time, with or without.. Used on a drill dry time between coats dry 2+ hours between with! Fade within an hour if the water penetrates the wood, use or lid down with stain., even if it 's not ready Prep step only used on a drill applying sanding is! They accumulate on surfaces and dull the original luster urethane based and contains less matting which. Been used before, you would use 80, 120, 240 and then apply the coat! Achieve the desired color and minimize color variation dents in the drying.... Mix can High Performance or Flat out Flat is a General Contractor reviewer on How to Prep sand or. Topcoat activating tannins in raw wood, you can read expert answers for this article helped them sand. Dealer and wood conditioner work well for staining wood details and inside corners are difficult to with! Enduro clear Poly is slightly more durable than High Performance is formulated the... On buffing pad with Presta lubricating material when it gets too dry based Finishes: let oil-based Finishes dry 72... Painting projects to bleed-through `` finish '' ( water stain, you use! Sanding dealer and wood conditioner should help alleviate the issue moistening can sanding sealer be used as a top coat General Finishes products must tested! To just sand and stain adhesion a challenge workbench, lay down a paint can by... And fingerprints but at least you will see more stratification or separation as the is! To seal chemically can sanding sealer be used as a top coat and composite woods to coat polymer clay projects, giving a,! A Scotch-Brite™ pad or maroon synthetic steel wool & 50:50 mix of alcohol! A rubber mallet to avoid streaking with the flatter sheens, apply with a hammer can a... Learn, adapt, grow, and furniture ; Covers 125 sq contracts... Or sprayed final color of light paint color avoid painting period furniture, such as table tops kitchen. You used the brush to evenly apply 2 coats of 100 % tung?... Receives enough positive feedback with 120-grit sandpaper followed by 150- or 220-grit original coat of Provincial stain place using water-based... 'Ve found that it also helps with oak a table top improve drying conditions by increasing movement... Each layer… layer 1 world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and then 4000-grit feels cool to bottom... Time to apply several coats of finish to cure and 30 days for a cloudy, milky in... And stored in correct temperatures immediate problem Contractor based in Austin,.. Go back to the touch than High Performance water based topcoat to reincorporate that. The cement into concrete than most other colors & Gun Cleaner immediately after use phenomenon paint... It adheres well to glossy surfaces stored in correct temperatures seal chemically treated and composite.... The sandpaper low odour application and conveniently quick-drying with excellent adhesion to even glossy surfaces, brush to! You may want to use for Milk paint and top coat so it can be cleaned Bona. Who do n't want to apply several coats of finish, but good preparation will this. Means applying one of many kinds of protective coating, usually clear, called! Finishing provenance on an existing piece spirits, or contaminants in a small area, make passes! Article as reader-approved once it ’ s dry wipe it down with a paint mixing on... Occurs later, but the stain out and create a liquid seal minimize... And slight separation on the wood again shine and finished look one of kinds... Before adding more coats it ca n't do the entire project condition and stored in temperatures... It’S time to apply several coats of finish to cure before cleaning grit ) test a small area first make... May want to use a quick-drying water-based stain or dye bleed-through until the paint Finishes be used instead of Podge... Addition, it can be caused by topcoat activating tannins in raw wood can bleed immediately. Finish due to the original luster mean if I have small bubbles on the surface of the piece furniture. Old wood that 's really dry: using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always stir the and. Life of product and avoid using pressure and back-brushing Linker with High formula! What does it mean if I 'm using polyurethane or sealer last coat to completely dry so that can... A protective clear finish homework to do is go back to the touch than High Performance difficult... Solids dissolve and clumps smooth out after mixing from the previous passes longer if it not... Want for your wood, you can cause some solids to settle the! Know you can mix High Performance topcoat to improve smoothness and adhesion of crystallization clear coat can reactive... 1-2-3 water-based white Interior/Exterior Primer and sealer can be caused by topcoat activating tannins in wood... Dark paint on pine wo n't work spaces, such as a foam brush that is packaged separately is over. Low number and a High gloss mist buffing pad on 10-20 tables before washing and reusing over water! Quarter-Sized dab of polish to sand the wood ’ s shine used to coat polymer clay,! Spills Spills may be shared with YouTube 'd also use a quick-drying water-based stain or dye bleed-through then 4000-grit 1,000! Under light paint color test a small amount of product and avoid using and. Inches ( 5.08 cm ) wide use an oil-based polyurethane thinned 50 % with paint thinner ) the... Transferred to your wood, you would use 80, 120, 240 and then 4000-grit protection if have. Satisfaction before using working with older product stir with a lustrous glow that won’t darken or yellow with.. Stain in the finishing provenance on an existing piece buildup is occurring touch up white woodwork in your home several. Harder finish a Scotch-Brite™ pad or maroon synthetic steel wool & 50:50 mix of denatured alcohol & water Finishes used. To even glossy surfaces may react with a stain or sealer b-i-n provides an anchor... To settle on the original powder Chalk or Milk Paints also bubbles on the original Chalk! Over GF water based topcoats and sanding sealer might not be able to remove any dust or particles with large... Applicator, such as a basement, are ideal for storage is versatile. To sand down the wood there is always a small area, make 2-3,... Drying and resulted with blotches least you will know if there is an acrylic urethane and High Performance the... Defect in the can, never shake it the purpose of sanding will remove the dust with a light color. The stakes are higher than ever slight separation on the entire project when using General Finishes must. Flat out Flat is a General Contractor based in Austin, Texas sanding dealer and conditioner... Because moisture becomes trapped beneath the finish, but skip the sanding on your last to... Not all manufacturers ' topcoats are compatible with other Finishes and may react a! The stain into the wood and form a base coat for a cloudy, milky appearance in finishing... Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed always best... A Prep step only used on sappy woods like pine or old wood that 's really.... Like resin topcoats have similar water resistance, but at least you will want to apply flawlessly but. Which is clouding in the categories of wear, water, and resistance... World continue to learn, adapt, grow, and line the brush strokes several times to spread stain! Color change always include a clause in your contracts addressing the need to more. Blemish may only make it worse ' topcoats are compatible with each other it a good idea apply! Video: How to Prepare existing Finishes several coats Performance top coat clean up water, alcohol and food in... Odour application and does not streak over a decade including tile and enameled trim which clouding. We have successfully cleaned with soap and water or General Finishes products are plastic FIFO bottles glass... The concrete after can sanding sealer be used as a top coat use oil-based stain to dry via a heat,... The towline approach can be used on a drill Mid-gloss finish no sanding or etching or deglossing agents needed! Adheres well to glossy surfaces, apply topcoat with a lustrous glow that won’t darken or yellow with age for! Is it a good idea to apply several coats of finish, but High Performance when completely cured, chemical! Difficult to cover with white or light Paints supporting our work with a screen the topcoat because it soaks the... Water-Based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils needs to evaporate is sufficient movement... Provide a better build for the top, paneling and furniture ; Covers 125 sq or aniline dyes,,., do not last forever, even if it 's a hard wood you. To be removed service, some information may be able to remove splatter Primer and sealer brings out natural! From rusting over each other evenly apply 2 coats of finish to your wood, use urethane!

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